Expert view: Focus on criminogentic needs to reduce crimes rates

A recent review of juvenile justice foreshadows a major policy shift in youth justice (YJ) and calls into question the relevance of the trauma model in YJ programs.  This week’s blog focuses on the former; the next blog will focus on the latter. The Review The Youth Justice Review and Strategy: Meeting Needs and Reducing Offending was conducted by Penny…

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Resilience Part II: How practitioners can improve resilience of young people in OoHC/YJ

This week’s blog continues the focus on influential child psychiatrist, Michael Rutter – this time his work on resilience. The last blog post defined ‘resilience’ and identified the underlying factors that give rise to resilience. Today, we will investigate how resilience might develop – especially in young people in OoHC and YJ settings. Firstly, Rutter notes that the research findings…

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Resilience: Why are some children resilient and others are not? (Part 1)

This week’s blog continues to focus on influential child psychiatrist Michael Rutter –  this time examining his work on resilience. Today I will attempt to define ’resilience’ before exploring some of the underlying mechanism that give rise to it. Next week we will consider how resilience might be developed, especially in young people in OoHC and YJ settings. Defining Resilience…

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Recovery from severe privation: What the research shows

This is the second blog post concerning influential child psychiatrist, Michael Rutter, particularly his work on the English and Romanian Adoptee (ERA) study. Last week’s post provided the background to the ERA study. Today, we look at the bad news and the good news, i.e. recovery is achievable with good care. Firstly, more about Michael Rutter and why he is…

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Mix results in preventing truancy in the US

School refusal is a significant problem for young people in out-of-home care and the Juvenile Justice program. This study evaluates an anti-truancy program called the Truancy Assessment and Service Centre (TASC) which operates in the ‘deep south’ region of the USA (e.g. Louisiana). It is worth noting that in Australia, we tend to use the more neutral term of ‘school…

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Treating Chronically Traumatized Children: Don’t let sleeping dogs lie!

Arianne Struik is a clinical psychologist who works with traumatised Indigenous children in remote parts of Australia on a fly in/fly out(FIFO) basis. She presented a paper entitled Treating Chronically Traumatized Children: Don’t let sleeping dogs lie at the Australian Psychology Society (APS) Conference last year. The APS has released a video of her presentation at the cost of only…

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Reporting sexual abuse in residential care. Who do residents trust the most?

This 2017 Dutch study examined whether clients in residential care are more likely to report sexual abuse to front line professionals compared to  other professionals (referred to as ‘treatment professionals’).  In the Australian context, front line professionals are residential care workers. The ‘treatment professionals’ include psychologists, other therapists, teachers etc. Based on attachment theory and ecological theory, the study predicted…

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A blueprint for rehabilitation-focused juvenile justice centres

This is an interesting article given the recent controversies pertaining to the operation of juvenile justice centres (YJ Centres) in Victoria and the Northern Territory (NT). The aim of the study is: [T]o identify the successful components of interventions in juvenile justice facilities that house delinquent youths. Because these youths present myriad problems ranging from abuse and poor care environment…

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